The Plantation of Ulster
The plantation of Ulster began in 1611 during the reign of King James
VI of Scotland and I of England. It had taken nine years to beat the Gaelic Chiefs into submission to the English Crown. This
submission culminated in the famous "Fight of the Earls" when the Chiefs of the O'Neill and O'Donnell clans fled to main land
In order to prevent the Chiefs from returning to reclaim their lands
it was decided that the native Irish should be removed from their land and replaced by English and Scottish settlers.